Beneath The Surface with Suzi Weissman airs every Friday on KPFK Pacifica Radio from 5:00 P.M. to 6:00 P.M. Tune in at 90.7 FM in Los Angeles, 98.7 FM in Santa Barbara, and worldwide on KPFK.ORG. You can listen to archived shows online on the KPFK website.

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BTS 8/29/05: Bolton's UN "Reforms"; Northwest Strike; Exit Strategy For Iraq

Listen: Ian Williams - Joe Prisco - Tom Hayden

Bolton’s recess appointment, as Ian Williams writes, was greeted by his supporters on the far right as if he were Wyatt Earp coming to clean up Tombstone. Now we know just how clean – Bolton has demanded 750 changes to the UN reorganization draft document, and for students of the Bush administration's foreign policy, this is an essential text. The hundreds of deletions and insertions represent an annotated map to Washington's disagreements with most of the rest of the world on just about every global issue imaginable. I’ve invited Ian Williams, The Nation’s UN Correspondent, to fill us in.

We then turn to the Northwest Airlines Mechanics strike, now entering week two. The airlines were well prepared for this action and the stakes for the union couldn’t be higher. The airline is talking about hiring its replacement workers permanently, and it insists that it's running "adequately" without the strikers. No new talks are scheduled. If Northwest rides out the strike and succeeds in breaking the union, it could be a watershed in the history of the American labor movement, - a key event in a long string of setbacks that have weakened the role of organized workers as a political and social force in the country. Our guest, Joe Prisco from the AMFA joins us to explain.

If you were out of the country and away from news sources for the past month it is possible, though not likely, that you missed Cindy Sheehan’s Camp Casey in Crawford, Texas. While Bush has refused to meet her, she hasn’t escaped his attention: support for Bush’s war in Iraq has plummeted, recruitment is catastrophic and even Kissinger and Chuck Hagel are comparing it to Vietnam. Tom Hayden, veteran anti-war activist joins us to discuss an exit strategy for the war NOW.

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BTS 8/15/05: Gaza Pullout; Iraqi Constitution; Housing Bubble; CORI Victory in Massachusetts

Listen To The Show

On tonight’s BTS we begin with the withdrawal of the Israeli settlements in Gaza. The deadline for the settlers to leave was midnight last night. Roane Carey joins us to discuss the difficulties and larger significance for Israeli-Palestinian relations and Palestinian statehood.

We then turn to the problems of drafting a constitution in Iraq under conditions of occupation and the US pressure to finish, despite the significant disputes between Sunni, Shia and Kurds in Iraq. To discuss the insurmountable problems facing the writers of the Constitution. Raed Jarrar, an Iraqi architect and blogger based in Amman, joins us.

Turning to the US economy, we talk to Dean Baker, Co-Director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington about how the housing bubble is propping up the US economy and what danger may lay ahead.

And finally we celebrate a victory – in Massachusetts the CPRO laws – a new form of discrimination that makes getting a job, a college loan or a house near impossible – are going to be reformed, thanks to the efforts of the union of minority neighborhoods and the coalition it leads: Massachusetts Alliance to Reform CORI (MARC). We talk to Horace Small, Executive Director of UMN to get the details.

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BTS 8/8/2005: 60 Years After Hiroshima and Nagasaki; False Consciousness; Ann Wright in Crawford, TX

Listen: Martin Sherwin - Richard Lichtman - Anne Wright

Sixty years ago the US dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing 140,000 people, 95% of whom were non-combatants. Radiation poisoning prolonged the dying. Martin Sherwin joins us to break some of the persistent myths about the reasons we dropped the bomb -- and says the bombs weren’t necessary, as Americans were told. How are myths of that magnitude legitimated?

We turn to a conversation with Richard Lichtman on false consciousness and the ways that the population can be led to believe, for example, that mass death can be acceptable, or that the figures of Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden can merge in the minds of most of the public.

And finally, we talk to Ann Wright, 26 year veteran of the armed services and 15 year diplomat with the State Department who publicly resigned –after setting up the station in Kabul, Afghanistan in 2002 – and is today in Crawford, Texas with Cindy Sheehan, whose son was killed in Iraq, and other veterans hoping to meet with President Bush not for condolences, but answers.

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On Vacation

Suzi is on vacation this week. She will be back on Monday, August 8th, with a new edition of Beneath The Surface.

BTS 7/25/05: Patriot Act Challenge; AFL-CIO Split in Chicago

It is sweltering in Chicago and the heat was just ratcheted up a few degrees with the news that the much discussed AFL-CIO convention which opened today, is minus four big unions, two of whom then announced their departure from the federation. The "Change to Win” coalition consists of seven unions, but the big four, the SEIU, Teamsters, UFCW and UNITE-HERE are boycotting the convention. The Service Employees and Teamsters then notified the AFL-CIO of their intention to split, making it a fait accompli. To discuss this momentous split – the first since the 30s,
Kim Moody and JoAnn Wipijiewski join us from Chicago, in the second half of the hour.

But to begin tonight’s program we turn to the Patriot Act and a challenge to its constitutionality right here in Los Angeles today brought by the Center for Constitutional Rights on behalf of the Humanitarian Law Project. David Cole, the attorney representing the Humanitarian Law Project, joins us to explain the challenge and how it affects human rights advocates while supposedly targeting terrorists.

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BTS 7/18/05: Karl Rove; Foucault and the Iranian Revolution

Listen to the Show: Lou Dubose - Janet Afary/Kevin Anderson

On tonight’s Beneath the Surface we begin with the scandal that has legs – that is, the Karl Rove affair. Today’s LA Times shows that Rove was spearheading the White House's campaign against Ambassador Joseph Wilson and Rove was working with top aides to President Bush and VP Dick Cheney in their effort to discredit Wilson after he wrote in the NY Times that the administration manipulated intelligence to justify going to war in Iraq. Is this the US equivalent of the Downing Street Memo? We begin with veteran Rove and DeLay watcher from Texas, Lou Dubose.

And in the second half of the hour we turn to the Iranian Revolution and French Philosopher Michel Foucault, who embraced it. Janet Afary and Kevin Anderson join us in studio to discuss their new book, Foucault and the Iranian Revolution, which has relevance for our understanding of political Islam, religious fundamentalism and the attack on science and reason.

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BTS 7/11/2005: London Attacks and Response; Supreme Court; China

Listen To The Show: Marjorie Cohn - Martin Hart-Landsberg - Tariq Ali

On Tonight’s BTS we look at Britain’s response to the terrorist attacks on London Transport on July 7 with Tariq Ali, who asks if this is the price of occupation; we then turn to Law Professor Marjorie Cohn to discuss the future of the Supreme Court as the Bush administration moves to nominate a replacement for retiring Justice Sandra Day O’Connor. And finally we talk to Martin Hart-Landsberg about his latest book China and Socialism, an analytical examination of China’s fast-growing economy which has intensified contradictions not only in China itself, but also in other countries of East Asia, and even of the US itself.

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BTS 7/4/2005: State of the Economy, State of the Union, Retirement of Sandra Day O’Connor

Listen To The Show: Part 1 - Part 2

On this Independence Day of 2005 we look at the State of the union; Nomi Prins joins us on the state of the economy and how the political economy of the Bush administration affects the global economy and the person on the street in anytown USA – and John Nichols connects the dots on the state of the union reflecting on the nation’s history and what we have abandoned. John also reflects on the role of the courts now that Bush selects his first nominee for the Supreme Court in the wake of Sandra Day O’Connor’s retirement.

BTS 6/27/05: 1905 Centenary

1905 ushered in a century of revolutions, wars and path-breaking discoveries. A new epoch began that held out the hope that the economy and society could be organized to serve humanity and the community, and not the reverse. In Russia the first socialist revolution was attempted and failed, yet became the dress rehearsal for the successful revolution of 1917. A new form of democratic organization emerged, the workers councils, and with it, the hope for democratic governance from below. In the US, 1905 marks the centenary of the Wobblies, the Industrial Workers of the World, whose imaginative and daring radical tactics changed the face of trade unionism, and coupled with the emergence of the soviet—which was immediately appropriated by workers everywhere as an organizing tool – the epoch of revolution had truly begun. And in science, 1905 marks a revolution in Physics, the year Albert Einstein published his special theory of relativity as well as contributing to the groundwork of the Quantum Revolution.

On tonight’s BTS we look backward from the present, melting ice age of neoliberalism –- 2005, and we hope to highlight the enduring relevance of the struggles and discoveries initiated in that period of incredible optimism, 1905. Don’t miss a minute of this program: Hillel Ticktin joins us to discuss the Russian Revolution of 1905, Paul Buhle reminds us of the creative courage of the Wobblies’ struggles for social justice, and Ansar Fayyazuddin brings Einstein’s revolution in physics,as well as his socialist political commitments alive with clarity and eloquence.

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BTS 6/20/2005: Change To Win Coalition; Downing Street; Marriage - a History

On tonight’s program we look at two possibly historic announcements this week, and one historical look at the institution of marriage.

We begin with the June 15 announcement of the formation of the Change to Win Coalition – made up of the five largest unions in the AFL-CIO – which pledges to radically increase organizing – and has already stirred up fears of a split in the AFL-CIO. Jonathan Tasini fills us in.

The second possibly historic announcement comes from a bi-partisan group of Republican and Democratic congressmen who have called on President Bush to announce an exit strategy from Iraq – and this follows on the heels of Congressman John Conyers’ hearings on the Downing Street Memo. Constitutional expert John Bonifaz joins us, along with David Swanson of

And finally tonight we take a good look at the checkered history of marriage – with Stephanie Coontz, the historian who brought us The Way We Never Were and The Way we Really Are. Stephanie tells us that the idea of love in marriage is relatively new and the past thirty years have brought more changes to the institution than the previous five thousand. You won’t want to miss this discussion of Marriage, a History – from Obedience to Intimacy – or How Love Conquered Marriage.

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